“Global Chessboard: Unveiling the Geopolitical Conflicts and Their Ripple Effects”

The Illusionist
8 min readOct 15, 2023


The United States has a network of alliances and partnerships around the globe, often forming what is referred to as the “American axis.” Here are some of the key alliances and partners:

  1. **NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)**:
  2. . – A military alliance of 30 countries from North America and Europe. It’s one of the primary military alliances that the US is a part of.

2. **Five Eyes**:

. – An intelligence alliance consisting of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

3. **Quad (Quadrilateral Security Dialogue)**:

. – A strategic forum comprising the United States, Japan, India, and Australia.

4. **Individual Country Alliances**:

. – **Japan:** A close ally with mutual defense treaties.

. – **South Korea:** A significant ally in East Asia with mutual defense agreements.

. – **Israel:** A key partner in the Middle East.

. – **Saudi Arabia:** A strategic ally in the Middle East, particularly concerning oil and regional security.

. – **United Kingdom, France, and Germany:** Strong allies in Europe with long-standing relationships.

5. **Other Partnerships**:

. – Various other countries in the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific with which the US maintains military, economic, or political partnerships.

6. **ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)**:

. – While not a formal ally, the US engages with ASEAN member states on a range of issues and has a dedicated mission to ASEAN.

These alliances and partnerships often share common interests in maintaining global stability, security, and economic prosperity. Through these collaborations, the US and its allies work together on a multitude of global issues, including counterterrorism, economic trade, cyber security, and humanitarian aid, among others.

Russia maintains alliances and partnerships with various countries, often driven by geopolitical, economic, or security interests. Here are some of the notable alliances and partnerships:

  1. **Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)**:
  2. . – A military alliance comprising several former Soviet republics including Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.

2. **Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)**:

. – A comprehensive regional organization that includes China, India, and several Central Asian countries, focusing on political, economic, and security-related cooperation.

3. **Individual Country Alliances and Partnerships**:

. – **China:** A strategic partner with converging interests in various regional and global issues.

. – **India:** A historical ally with substantial military and energy ties, although India maintains a non-aligned stance.

. – **Syria:** Russia supports the Syrian government in the ongoing civil war.

. – **Iran:** A strategic partner, especially in the context of the Syrian conflict and opposition to US influence in the Middle East.

. – **Belarus:** A close ally with deep historical, cultural, and political ties.

. – **Vietnam:** A partner with longstanding military and economic relations.

. – **Serbia:** Shares historical and political ties, with Russia supporting Serbia on various international issues.

4. **Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU)**:

. – An economic union aimed at ensuring the free movement of goods, services, capital, and labor between member states, including Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Russia.

These alliances and partnerships reflect Russia’s strategic interests in maintaining a sphere of influence, particularly in its near abroad, and in fostering relationships that can counterbalance Western alliances and influence on the global stage.

The global arms market often sees two major axes, one led by the United States and the other by Russia. Here’s a breakdown:

### America’s Axis:

  • **United States:**
  • . – Dominates global arms exports with a 40% market share [oai_citation:1,https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.](https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s,16%20percent%20from%2022%20percent).
  • . – Primary supplier for 19 of the 40 largest global weapons importers [oai_citation:2,Nations Buying the Most Weapons and Their Biggest Suppliers](https://247wallst.com/special-report/2023/07/13/nations-importing-the-most-weapons-and-their-biggest-suppliers/#:~:text=In%20fact%2C%20the%20U,major%20supplier%20of%20arms%20to).
  • - **Allies and Partners:**
  • . – Many NATO members and other allies rely on the US for military equipment.
  • . – Nations with close political and military ties to the US often procure American-made arms.

### Russia’s Axis:

  • **Russia:**
  • . – Second largest global arms supplier with a 16% market share [oai_citation:3,https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.](https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s,16%20percent%20from%2022%20percent).
  • . – Maintains strong arms sales relationships with nations opposed to or distanced from NATO and the US.
  • - **Allies and Partners:**
  • . – Countries like India and China have historically purchased Russian-made arms, although dynamics are shifting.
  • . – Nations with traditional military ties to Russia, or those opposed to Western military hegemony, often prefer Russian arms.

These axes reflect not just the commercial aspect of arms sales, but also the geopolitical alignments and strategic partnerships that underpin the global arms market.

  • The United States is the world’s leading weapon supplier, with its share of global arms exports increasing to 40% from 33% over the past five years [oai_citation:1,https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.](https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s,16%20percent%20from%2022%20percent).
  • - Russia is the second-largest weapon supplier, though its global market share decreased to 16% from 22% [oai_citation:2,https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.](https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2023/3/13/ukraine-is-worlds-third-largest-arms-importer-sipri-says#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s%20leading%20defence%20exporter%2C,supplier%2C%20fell%20to%2016%20percent%20from%2022%20percent.#:~:text=The%20US%20remained%20the%20world%E2%80%99s,16%20percent%20from%2022%20percent).
  • - Following the US and Russia, the next largest arms exporters are France, China, and Germany [oai_citation:3,Trends in International Arms Transfers, 2022 | SIPRI](https://www.sipri.org/publications/2023/sipri-fact-sheets/trends-international-arms-transfers-2022#:~:text=The%20%EF%AC%81ve%20largest%20arms%20exporters,importer%20of%20arms%20in%202022).
  • - The US is the primary arms supplier for 19 of the 40 largest global weapons importers and ranks among the top three sellers for 27 of these countries [oai_citation:4,Nations Buying the Most Weapons and Their Biggest Suppliers](https://247wallst.com/special-report/2023/07/13/nations-importing-the-most-weapons-and-their-biggest-suppliers/#:~:text=In%20fact%2C%20the%20U,major%20supplier%20of%20arms%20to).
  • - The Foreign Military Sales program is the largest channel for US weapons exports, although there was a significant drop in the volume of US arms offers under this program during the first year of the Biden administration [oai_citation:5,We’re #1: The U.S. Government is the World’s Largest Arms Dealer](https://www.forbes.com/sites/williamhartung/2022/03/18/were-1-the-us-government-is-the-worlds-largest-arms-dealer/#:~:text=The%20volume%20of%20U,of%20the%20Biden%20administration).

India and China have distinct positions and strategies in the global arms market:

### India:

  • **Historical Sales:** India’s weapons sales have varied significantly over the years, reaching a peak of 151.00 SIPRI TIV Million in 2020, and averaging 17.58 SIPRI TIV Million from 1959 until 2022 [oai_citation:1,India Weapons Sales 2023 Data – 2024 Forecast – TRADING ECONOMICS](https://tradingeconomics.com/india/weapons-sales#:~:text=Weapons%20Sales%20in%20India%20averaged,updated%20on%20October%20of%202023).
  • - **Competitive Strategy:** India aims to compete with nations like China, Russia, and Turkey in weapon sales to African countries by offering high-quality weapons at competitive prices. Its defense industry is capable of producing advanced weapons systems such as missiles, fighter jets, and submarines [oai_citation:2,India hopes to sell affordable weapons to Africa](https://www.military.africa/2023/04/india-hopes-to-sell-affordable-weapons-to-africa/#:~:text=India%20can%20compete%20with%20China%2C,missiles%2C%20fighter%20jets%2C%20and%20submarines).

### China:

  • **Decrease in Exports:** Recently, China experienced a notable 23% decrease in arms exports, reflecting its comparatively low importance as a global arms exporter relative to the size of its economy [oai_citation:3,SIPRI: US arms exports skyrocket, while China’s nosedive – DW – 03/13/2023](https://www.dw.com/en/sipri-us-arms-exports-skyrocket-while-chinas-nosedive/a-64948062).
  • - **Market Challenges:** China has faced challenges in entering some major arms markets due to political reasons. For instance, it doesn’t sell arms to its rival, India. Additionally, China hasn’t been very successful in competing against European and US arms suppliers in many Middle Eastern countries, especially the Arab states [oai_citation:4,SIPRI: US arms exports skyrocket, while China’s nosedive – DW – 03/13/2023](https://www.dw.com/en/sipri-us-arms-exports-skyrocket-while-chinas-nosedive/a-64948062).
  • - **Sales to Pakistan:** In an effort to counter India, China has been selling arms to Pakistan, marking a significant step-up in its decades-old arms relationship with Islamabad. This includes providing Pakistan with some of China’s latest equipment [oai_citation:5,China moves to counter India with arms sales to Pakistan](https://www.ft.com/content/b505d504-6447-4ffb-bb7d-3a33db837c9a#:~:text=Beijing%E2%80%99s%20first%20export%20of%20the,the%20latest%20equipment%20that%20China%E2%80%99s).

Both nations exhibit different strengths and strategies in the arms market, with India leveraging competitive pricing and quality, while China faces certain political barriers but engages in strategic partnerships to counter regional rivals.

Geopolitical conflicts

  1. **Middle East Conflicts:**
  2. . – Israel vs Middle East , Israel. as a U.S. ally, faces opposition from various Islamic nations and Hezbollah & Hamas. The region is a hotspot for geopolitical tensions with broader global repercussions.

2. **Ukraine-Russia Conflict:**

. – Russia’s military interventions in Ukraine, including the annexation of Crimea in 2014 and ongoing hostilities, have exacerbated tensions between Russia, Ukraine, and the international community.

3. **North Korea Conflict:**

. – North Korea’s nuclear ambitions and military provocations continue to pose a threat to regional stability in East Asia, especially concerning South Korea and Japan, as well as global security.

4. **China-Taiwan Conflict:**

. – The tension between China and Taiwan stems from China’s claim over Taiwan. The situation is further complicated by international relations, with some countries recognizing Taiwan as a sovereign state while others adhere to the “One-China” policy.

5. **India-China and India-Pakistan Conflicts:**

. – Border disputes between India and China, as well as historical tensions between India and Pakistan, contribute to the fragile security dynamics in South Asia. The India-China conflict has recently overshadowed the India-Pakistan tension, yet both conflicts remain pertinent to regional stability.

These are the high-level conflicts reflect a complex global geopolitical landscape, where regional tensions can have cascading effects on international relations, security, and global stability. Each conflict carries its own set of challenges, and resolutions often require coordinated international efforts and diplomacy.

Note here civil wars not included.

As of the last update, the recognized nuclear-armed states are:

  1. **United States**: One of the first nuclear-armed states, possessing a significant nuclear arsenal.
  2. 2. **Russia**: Also among the first nuclear-armed states, with a large nuclear arsenal comparable to that of the United States.
  3. 3. **China**: A recognized nuclear power with a growing arsenal.
  4. 4. **France**: Maintains a nuclear arsenal as part of its strategic defense capabilities.
  5. 5. **United Kingdom**: Possesses a nuclear arsenal, with its Trident nuclear program as the cornerstone.

Besides these recognized nuclear states, there are countries that have developed nuclear weapons outside the framework of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

6. **India**: Developed nuclear weapons and conducted its first test in 1974.

7. **Pakistan**: Developed nuclear weapons as a strategic counter to India, conducting its first tests in 1998.

8. **North Korea**: Conducted multiple nuclear tests and is believed to possess a small arsenal of nuclear weapons.

9. **Israel**: Widely believed to possess nuclear weapons, although it maintains a policy of nuclear ambiguity and has not publicly confirmed its nuclear arsenal.

Each of these countries has developed nuclear capabilities due to a variety of strategic, security, and geopolitical considerations.

Conflict Outcomes and Global Economic Imbalance:

The ripple effects of global conflicts encompass humanitarian crises and economic imbalances. Conflicts lead to civilian displacement, crossfire deaths, and economic hardships in affected regions. On a broader scale, they disrupt vital trade routes, causing a domino effect on global supply chains, market stability, and resource allocation. These adversities underline the intertwined nature of global peace and economic stability, emphasizing the need for peaceful resolutions to conflicts for the betterment of global economic and humanitarian conditions.

#USA #Russia #China #India #Ukraine #NorthKorea #SouthKorea #Israel #SaudiArabia #UnitedKingdom #France #Germany #Japan #Australia #Pakistan



The Illusionist

Enthusiast in #Bitcoin, #digitalassets, finance, and technology. Minimalist, exploring astrology & finance. Believer in HODL philosophy.